Political vigilantism has become a menace in Ghana
Political vigilantism has become a menace in Ghana
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By Edmund Mingle

The activities of political vigilante groups in Ghana have recently assumed an alarming proportion, with security experts describing it as a threat to national security.

In spite of concerns raised by various stakeholder groups, lately the National Commission on Civic Education (NCCE), as well as efforts by the Police to disband or ban political party vigilantism, the groups, mostly associated with a ruling party, continue to operate violently.

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The NCCE, in its latest admonition against political vigilantism in Ghana, described it a “national crisis” requiring “urgent solution.”

While the police attempt to stop these groups, the political parties claim they cannot disband the groups because they were not set up the parties, and therefore are not  officially recognised.

These vigilante groups often take actions to protect their interests which they consider to have been ignored by their political leaders.

“Banning” vigilante groupings may not yield the desired results because political research shows that aggrieved political youths would always take measures they deem fit once their grievances are continually ignored.

The hike in political vigilantism perhaps offers a clarion call to political parties to consider employing Mediation to resolve disputes and the grievances of the various groups, particularly youth factions.

Yaw Buabeng Asamoah, NPP Communications Director, and ADR Practitioner
Yaw Buabeng Asamoah, NPP Communications Director, and ADR Practitioner

Currently, the political party leaders find ways of brokering peace after the vigilante groups have taken violent and unlawful actions, with some of the cases withdrawn from the police for settlement.

But such energy can rather be directed at mediating the disputes at an early stage, as a preventive measure, to stop the grievances from festering and exploding in violent actions.

An adoption of political mediation by the parties would ensure that disputes, especially relating to the differences in interests of vigilante groups and the party structure, are effectively mediated for amicable resolutions.

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In that regard, political parties in Ghana need education on mediation to enable them appreciate its essence in ensuring peace and harmony in political parties.

It is also suggested that political parties set up mediation units in their district and regional offices, and devote resources to have selected members to train as professional mediators to help in settling disputes in the respective parties.

Without mediation, the menace of political vigilantism would continue to flourish, with its attendant threats and cost.

VIAEdmund Mingle
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ADR Daily is a specialized news portal with a focus on providing authentic news, information and research analysis on Appropriate Dispute Resolution (ADR), Human Resource Management (HRM) and Industrial Relations Management (IRM) in Ghana and beyond. This platform serves as an information resource base for the progress of the ADR, HRM and IRM industries, and seeks to promote professionalism in ADR practice by supporting a network of ADR professionals within and across nations and continents. ADR Daily keenly encourages the mass adoption of ADR mechanisms, particularly negotiation, mediation and arbitration for the resolution of disputes in all spheres, through the publication of industry news and information, as well as by deploying innovative awareness creation engagements.